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In most countries 18 is the minimum age at which a person may obtain a driver's license.In the United States most states permit unsupervised driving at age 16.For beginning drivers who got their learners permit at 16-or 17-years old, crashes declined 51 percent in the learner stage.
The IIHS attributes the declines to the adoption of GDL laws and said that if every state adopted all five of the toughest laws that it had identified, about 500 lives could be saved and 9,500 collisions prevented each year.
The five most effective laws it identified were a minimum permit age of 16, a minimum intermediate license age of 17, at least 65 hours of supervised practice driving, restrictions on night driving that begin at 8 pm and banning all teen passengers.
In 1996 Florida became the first state to enact a GDL law. History: To control the problem of young drivers accounting for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle crashes, each state has adopted one or more elements of a graduated drivers license (GDL) system.
Graduated licensing requires a more rigorous learning period before granting young people between the ages of 15 and 18 a drivers license with full privileges. Stage 1 (learners permit) requirements and recommendations include a vision test, a road knowledge test, driving accompanied by a licensed adult, seat belt use by all vehicle occupants, a zero BAC level, and six months with no crashes or convictions for traffic violations.
Other studies examined the issue of passengers of teenage drivers.
A March 2008 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report found that when there were multiple passengers in vehicles driven by teen drivers, the crash risk was three to five times greater than when driving alone; the risk was greatest for the youngest drivers (age 16 and 17).
GDLs had reduced deaths among teenage drivers in New Zealand, Australia and Canada, where versions of the system exist.
The first long-term study to investigate the benefits of each licensing stage was conducted in 2002 in Nova Scotia.
Teenagers are involved in more motor vehicle crashes late in the day and at night than at other times of the day.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating